Life-Saving Knowledge: A Guide to Baby CPR

Every parent hopes they never need to use it, but understanding how to do CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) on a baby is a valuable skill that could save a life in an emergency. Babies, due to their small size and sensitive nature, require a slightly different approach to CPR than adults. Being prepared and knowledgeable can mean the difference in a critical scenario. In this article, we’ll lead you through the basics of doing newborn CPR, equipping you with the knowledge to act quickly and successfully when it counts the most.

baby cpr

Understanding baby CPR:

Before getting into the procedures of performing CPR on a baby, it’s important to understand what CPR is and when it’s required. CPR is a series of chest compressions and rescue breaths that assist in maintaining blood flow and oxygenation to essential organs after a person’s heart or breathing stops. It is often given when the patient is unresponsive and not breathing properly.

When to perform baby CPR:

Perform CPR on a baby who is:

Unresponsive: Try to awaken the baby by tapping or gently shaking their foot and saying their name.

Not breathing normally: Look, listen, and feel for breath. If the baby is not breathing or merely gasping, do CPR right away.

Steps to Perform Baby CPR:

Check the Scene: Make sure the place is safe for you and the baby. Look for potential hazards and, if safe, remove the baby from them.

Check the baby’s responsiveness by gently tapping their foot and calling their name aloud. Look for any responses, like movement, crying, or breathing.

Call for Help: If the infant stays unresponsive and does not breathe regularly, call for help right away. If anyone else is there, tell them to phone emergency services while you perform CPR.

Open the Airway: Carefully position the baby on its back on a sturdy surface. To open the airway, tilt the baby’s head back slightly and elevate the chin.

Give Rescue Breaths: Cover the baby’s mouth and nose with your mouth and take two soft breaths of roughly one second each. Watch for the chest to rise with each breath.

Baby CPR

Look for evidence of circulation, such as movement, coughing, or breathing.

Begin Chest Compressions: If the baby remains unresponsive and does not breathe regularly, start chest compressions. Place two fingers in the middle of the baby’s chest, just below the nipple line. Compress the chest about 1.5 inches deep, 100-120 compressions per minute. Allow your chest to fully recoil between compressions.

Continue CPR. Alternate 30 chest compressions with two rescue breaths. Continue CPR until the infant shows signs of life, emergency personnel arrive, or you are too fatigued to continue.

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Training and preparation:

While reading about baby CPR is beneficial, nothing beats hands-on experience and practice. Consider taking a CPR course specifically designed for infants and children. These classes frequently include actual demonstrations and simulations, helping you to acquire confidence and muscle memory in performing CPR techniques.


Every parent, caregiver, and responsible adult should be able to perform CPR on babies. Understanding the processes involved and being prepared to act quickly in an emergency can potentially save a life. Remember that being cool, phoning for help, and performing baby CPR can make a huge difference when every second counts.


1 Comment

  1. May 14, 2024 / 5:24 pm

    This is a life-saving information that every mother ought to know. Thanks for sharing
    Doris/ Pure Life Gem

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